Bullseye Pistol Info

In the last 20 years or so, a series of new pistol shooting sports has grabbed the attention of the shooting public.
Action pistol, pin shooting, practical competition and silhouette all have had phenomenal growth, and matches like the
Bianchi Cup, the Second Chance and the Steel Challenge have become well-publicized big-money events.

So a lot of shooters are surprised to find that bullseye, three-gun or conventional pistol, whatever name you choose, is
still the most popular of the pistol-shooting games. It's hard to say what prompts the new interest, but I suspect it's a
combination of things. Of them, the increasing use of the red-dot sights is an important factor. This type of sight makes
it possible for many shooters to continue, or start, shooting after the age when they begin experiencing difficulty
seeing iron sights.

And, while this may be hard to prove, I think another reason is that bullseye competitors simply get to shoot a lot. Many
of the popular speed and practical shooting events feature a little shooting and a lot of waiting. Even though these
games are challenging and fun, shooting for 30 seconds and then waiting an hour or two for the next stage in them
can be tedious.

Conventional pistol is a lot easier for both the competitor and the tournament sponsor-for the Competitor because no
holsters and other accessories are required, and for the sponsor because one range officer can control an entire line
of shooters.

But if there's a primary reason for bullseye's popularity, I believe it's the challenge that appeals to competitors. As far
as I'm concerned, bullseye pistol is rivaled only by international free pistol as a test of precision shooting ability.
Bullseye is deceptively simple, but it is the première accuracy challenging competition that is required to attain the
coveted Distinguish Pistol Marksmanship metal.

The classic outdoor pistol match is called a "2700." Shooters fire 270 shots with a maximum value of 10 points each,
hence the name. Those 270 shots are divided into three 90-shot events, fired with .22, center-fire and .45 pistols.

This format got its start as a way to combine shooting with the civilian's .22, the police officer's .38 revolver and the
military man's .45 autoloader. As .45 accuracy improved, however, shooters began to use the .45 for both center-fire
and .45 matches, and today it is rare to see a pure center-fire pistol.

The 90-shot, 900-point aggregate consists of four matches: slow-fire, the National Match Course, timed-fire and
rapid-fire. Slow-, timed- and rapid-fire are 20-shot events, but the National Match Course has 30: 10 shots slowfire at
50 yds;. and 10 each timed- (five rounds in 20 seconds) and rapid- (five rounds in 10 seconds) fire at 25 yds.

The sustained-fire stages are timed by turning the targets perpendicular to the firing line until the time for shooting
begins. They turn to face the shooter, then swivel back to their starting position when time expires.

While a full-fledged 2700 is fired at 25 and 50 yds, proportionally reduced targets make it possible to fire all stages at
20 or 25 yds. or indoors at 50 ft. The targets used in outdoor competition have a tie-breaking X-ring of 1.695" diameter
and a 10-ring 3.36" in diameter. The 50-yd. target's 8, 9 and 10 rings are black, while only the 9 and 10 rings are
black on the 25-yd. sheet, so the sight picture is similar, despite the difference in distance.

While a big 2700 match is an all-day affair, NRA recognizes many shorter courses of fire, and many clubs and leagues
firing indoor matches use the Gallery Course. It has a single 10 minute, 10-shot slow-fire stage and two five-shot
strings each of timed- and rapid-fire. With preparation periods, one relay can take less than 20 minutes.

One of the appealing features of conventional competition is the multiple opportunities to win. At the National Matches,
and even at large state or regional events, awards are presented for every match and for sub-aggregates. When each
of these is multiplied by the many different classes and categories possible at a big match, there can be hundreds of
opportunities to win.

The NRA classification system groups shooters of similar ability into one of four classes that range from Marksman up
to the top-level Master. Shooters may be further grouped into categories--juniors, women, collegians, police and
service members.

Time limits are generous and the scoring rings of the targets are, by comparison with the international target,
enormous. It isn't hard to put a bullet in the l0-ring. The hard part is trying to put most of them there.

A score of 2600 or more remains, after all these years, the four-minute mile of conventional pistol shooting. When
Hershel Anderson set a national record that has stood for around three decades by firing 2680x2700, he was asked
how he did it. His reply, reported as, "I didn't shoot too many nines" was a masterful understatement.

For me, slow-fire was always the most difficult event because there was more time for something to go wrong. The
basic requirements are to establish sight alignment (the relationship of the front and rear sights), sight picture (the
relationship of the aligned sights to the target) and to cause the pistol to fire (trigger control) without disturbing either
the sight alignment or sight picture. But a fact of physiology remains to bedevil shooters. Nobody can hold a gun
perfectly still. Convincing yourself that there will always be some movement in the sight picture is hard. With red-dot
sights, that little red dot literally dances before your eyes, making even a tiny amount of movement more noticeable.

This inevitable motion is "minimum arc of movement" (sometimes called wobble area), and it is very much a complex
physiological response. The movement must be accepted and concentration directed to keeping the sights aligned
and exercising proper trigger control. If we do, the shot will still be good.

Building and maintaining concentration is paramount. In slow-fire, where you have the luxury of time, you can go
through a little ritual of preparation for each shot. I try to visualize the sight alignment and picture a perfect shot, and
then I keep that image in mind as I raise the gun. As the gun is coming up, I try to superimpose the mental image over
the real one and establish sight alignment; holding it as the gun rises slightly above the target and gradually settles
into a natural position that is, hopefully, a perfect six o'clock hold at the bottom edge of the target.

This "natural point of aim" is controlled primarily by the position of your feet. and is determined by extending your
shooting hand toward the target, closing your eyes, wobbling your arm around, and letting it settle to a natural
position. When you open your eyes, your hand should be pointing squarely at the center of the target.

If it isn't, you move your back foot and repeat the exercise until you get it right. With practice, you learn a stance that
does this almost automatically.

As the gun begins to settle, there is a brief period of time, perhaps five seconds, when things are relatively unstable,
followed by another interval of 5-10 seconds when the hold or sight picture is optimum. After that. muscle fatigue
causes the hold to deteriorate, and if the shot isn't fired within about 20 seconds, the gun must be put down.

Here lies one of the most difficult challenges in shooting. If, after awhile, the shot won't break, there's an almost
irresistible urge to get rid of that round so you can go on and do a better job with the next one. It takes a lot of
discipline to make yourself bring the gun down and relax a bit instead of fighting awhile longer in hopes of making it
come out all right. The inevitable result of this, if you give in, will be a jerked shot. One of the difficult things to learn is
to "call" your shots. This is done by relating the shot's point of impact on the target to the face of an imaginary clock.
While this is a very basic part of serious shooting, it demands intense concentration to know exactly where the sights
are at the moment the shot breaks and to recognize whether there were any shooter errors. Sometimes the first sign of
a flinch or trigger jerk is the location of the bullet's impact.

The technique for timed- and rapid-fire really isn't much different, with the obvious exception of the time limits.

I use the range officer's commands as cues to indicate where I should be in my preparation for the string. When the
command to load is given, I get my feet where they're supposed to be and establish a proper firm grip on the gun.
Then I rest the gun on the bench and begin breathing deeply, simply taking a series of slow, deep breaths. When the
range officer says "ready on the right," I raise the gun above the target and begin to lower it so that by the time he
finishes saying "ready on the firing line" the sights are aligned on the edge of the target right where the bottom of the
black center will be when the targets turn into their facing position. My ideal string will have the first shot break just as
the target is fully faced, allowing the maximum amount of time for the other four shots.

The mental change of gears to go from timed-fire to rapid-fire is hard to analyze, but my observation is that most of us

use the full 20 seconds of timed-fire. If that's the case, then going to rapid-fire doesn't really require doubling the pace.
Good range officers are a gift to shooters, for it really helps if they are consistent and deliver their commands the
same way each time .

One of the hardest things is dealing with the everyday distractions that attend pistol matches. You know, people talking
and prowling around behind the line or even slamming car doors in the nearby parking lot. Little disturbances we'd
usually never even notice can achieve monumental proportions when you're trying to shoot. We're told to "ignore
them" but a better technique is to analyze the noise and determine whether it's something that should concern you.
Same for all the rest of them. This is easier said than done, but learning to deal with these things effectively is the key
to real achievement in the shooting world.

The same applies to match pressure. Some shooters study the scoreboard intensely, while others won't go near it at
gun point. One of the axioms of pistol shooting is that you usually beat yourself.

The best way I know to learn to manage these things is to face them often. There is no substitute for shooting under
match conditions

The things the human brain can do are remarkable, and concentration, to the exclusion of everything around you, is
an awesome experience. I've been on the firing line at Camp Perry with hundreds of competitors shooting .45 rapid-fire
at the same time and never heard the first bang. Professional athletes have begun to talk about something they call
"being in the zone." This is a state of super-concentration where you can sometimes do remarkable things.

Shooters report that it seemed as if they were able to guide the bullet to the X-ring by nothing more than willpower.
Another analogy might be to describe it as going on autopilot where the proper fundamentals of sight alignment and
trigger control are applied almost effortlessly. It's been said often enough to become axiomatic: shooting is 10%
physical and 90% mental. Although some may argue about the percentages, 1 don't believe anyone would dispute that
the physical skills required for shooting are not that difficult to acquire for most people.

The mental management techniques needed to achieve a high level of performance are, however, staggeringly
difficult. Dr. Bud Ferrante has served as team psychologist for the U.S. Shooting Team and Olympic athletes as well.
"The specialty area of sports psychology has evolved rapidly over the last 10 years," Ferrante explained. "Individuals
representing elite world-class organizations all the way down to youth sports have utilized sports psychology
practitioners to improve their athletic performance as well as enhance their capacities."

Shooters learn techniques for relaxation, awareness, concentration and visualization. While the basic techniques may
be generalized, their application is very much an individual thing, so Ferrante's work has included group seminars on
specific topics combined with one-on-one work to develop a method for each individual. "Don't worry about score.
Don't take it personally, it's not a measure of your self-worth, it's just your score. Don't compare yourself with other
people. That's a great error that can hold you back," he said.

Instead, he suggests, concentrate on "performing the shot." We've always been told to take it one shot at a time and
try to get all the elements, stance, grip, trigger, sights and follow through to come together for one good shot. Ferrante
suggests that we analyze the shot in terms of what felt good and what felt bad and learn from it.

Ferrante agreed with my comments about outside distractions. "You can't separate the shooter from the world," he
added. Talking with Ferrante and Kimberly Whitchard, another sports psychologist, I asked for a proper name for the
"zone" phenomenon. Ferrante used the term "flow" to describe the same thing and likened it to a Zen philosophy of
"stilling the mind."

Whitchard, who has worked extensively with professional golfers, compares it to a state of self-hypnosis that can be
almost trance-like. Her experience is that the condition can be learned and some people can achieve it almost at will.

But whether your aspiration is to become a world-class shooter or simply have fun. conventional pistol, bullseye if you
prefer, is a great way to improve shooting skills. It is also excellent training for all the other pistol-shooting events.
Once you've mastered the basic elements of sight alignment and trigger control they are applicable to every shooting

Since bullseye pistol is a test of pure accuracy, it's logical to conclude that it requires the most accurate guns. New
shooters often believe they don't need the best equipment because they lack the skill to take advantage of it. The
truth is that they're the ones who will benefit most from having the best.

If a clunker .45 is only capable of shooting 8" groups at 25 yds., what chance does a new shooter have of learning
anything? This is not to discourage new shooters from getting started with a gun or guns they already own, but they
should realize that a gun's accuracy limitations can lead to frustration when it is time to retrieve

It is also imperative to know what sort of accuracy your gun/ammunition combination can deliver. A few groups fired
from a good rest will answer the question, but it's important to have a baseline.

Buying factory ammunition is expensive these days, but it is no longer safe to assume that good handloads will be
better. In fact, it takes a lot of hard work to make handloads that will equal the accuracy of today's factory match loads.
So the first step is to find out what the gun will do with good factory ammunition and then perhaps try to duplicate those
results with lower cost handloads.

The .22s are probably the most ammunition-sensitive, and it's quite remarkable to see how a particular gun will display
a preference for one brand or type over another. Once again, testing is the only way to find out.

Match-grade .22 ammunition usually does shoot better groups, but the difference between it and regular standard
velocity ammo may not be dramatic. That the cost difference, at retail, can be nearly 10 times higher would seem to be
a powerful incentive to try some of the less costly alternatives.

The guns that are popular now are little different from those popular 20 years ago and, other than the red-dot sights
many of us use, things really haven't changed very much in terms of basic equipment. Even though the game is called
three-gun, use their .45s in the center-tire portion of the match. This isn't done to just save the cost of another gun,
but because it's the best way.

Those who have shot one of the .38 Spl. M1911Al conversions or the S&W Model 52, the usual alternatives to the .45
in center-fire matches, probably loved it, for the soft recoil of the .38 makes the .45 seem almost punishing, but I can
tell you from bitter experience that the times the .38 will help you are far outnumbered by the times it will hurt.

Using the .45 eliminates having to learn another gun. Even if the .38 is built on the same frame, the different recoil and
follow-through requirements complicate things needlessly. A Master-class shooter may benefit from using a .38 Spl.
semiauto conversion, but others should evaluate them carefully.

Equipment surveys at Camp Perry have changed little over the years. The S&W Model 41 and High Standards
dominate the .22 events, with a few Rugers and imports thrown in for variety.

The demise of old High Standard was bad news, but there are still plenty of the older guns out there, and they are
undeniably popular. Fortunately, High Standard parts and service are still readily available. and High Standard Mfg.
and Stoeger are making High Standard target guns again.

As far as the .45 is concerned, Colt guns are still the leaders, but the Springfield

form the basis of good guns. Most guns, in my opinion, even the Model 41, need a trigger job, and most .45s need a
lot more.

For bullseye guns, the accuracy standards must measure up on the most difficult Portion of the course, 50-yd.
slow-fire. If the gun/ammo combination isn't capable, at the minimum, of keeping every shot within the l0-ring. a shooter
can lose points and never know whether it was his fault or the guns.

A better standard is a maximum of 3" groups at 50 yds. For the good .22s this isn't as much of a problem, but it takes a
pretty good .45 to do it. But accuracy is a product of both the gun and the ammo, and each must be proven.

The NRA Pistol Rules don't place many limits on the guns shooters may use. Trigger pull must be 2 lbs. on .22s and
3-1/2 lbs. on .45s. The sight radius of .45s can be no more than 10", while .22s can have a barrel length of no more
than 10"

The one exception is the service pistol or "hardball" gun. These are used in National Trophy matches at Camp Perry
and DCM "leg" matches at the state and regional level. They must generally conform to the outlines of the service
M191 1 or Beretta M9 9x19 mm pistols, though adjustable sights. trigger shoes and stops are allowed.

Conventional pistol doesn't require much in the way of accessories. Gallery shooters can carry a .22 and a couple of
boxes of ammo in an attache case. Veteran pistol shooters almost invariably carry boxes that hold several pistols,
ammunition and accessories.

These have a top-opening lid that, when opened, serves as a mounting point for a spotting telescope. A carrying strap
enables shooters to carry everything to the firing line in one load.

Eye and hearing protection are a must. Many shooters use special glasses that block the non-shooting eye, and older
competitors have adopted the amplifying electronic ear muffs that help them hear range commands while protecting
their remaining hearing.

Knowing that your equipment is capable of a high level of performance is reassuring and necessary, but it also
eliminates a whole list of possible excuses for poor performance.
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